React JS vs Angular JS

React JS vs Angular JS

The debate on whether to go for AngularJS or React JS is still going on in a development town. As both are smart choices for front-end development and are robust technologies, choosing the one creates tons of confusion. At the same, it’s a top priority for developers or business owners to choose the one because the right framework choice impacts the project’s durability, maintainability, scalability, and ability to fit within deadlines.

Freshers want to know which one is easy to learn and is in high-demand while experienced developers want to know which framework stands up to the time’s test.

Today, we are going to put an end to this debate. But before doing that, let’s have a brief look at the meaning of React JS and Angular JS.

What is React JS?

React JS, also known as React or React.js, is a JavaScript library, used for building user interfaces. It is managed by Facebook and a wide community of individual developers as well as companies. It is used specifically for single-page applications. It handles the view layer of web and mobile apps. The language was first deployed in Facebook’s newsfeed in 2011 and later in 2012, it took place on Instagram.

What is Angular JS?

Angular JS is an open-source JavaScript framework for building dynamic web applications. The goal of Angular JS is to expand and extend browser-based applications using Model-View-Controller capability which decreases the amount of JavaScript code needed to develop functional web applications. These applications are also known as Single-Page Applications.

Worldwide Competition: React JS vs AngularJS 

Among all the top discussions revolving around AngularJS and React JS, the popular ones are both are the highly-performing and advanced platforms used worldwide. When comparison conducted between both platforms in 2016, React JS appeared to be the choice of 53% of respondents while 32% are planning to learn it. Angular JS, on the other hand, is preferred by 30% and 10% are looking forward to it. Angular 2, the latest update, is already adopted by 13% and 43% are willing to become familiar with it.

According to HotFramework’s latest updates, React JS saves the 1st spot of being the most popular framework globally while AngularJS takes the third seat.

In the meanwhile, Google trends showed the simultaneous growth of both languages where again React stood first followed by AngularJS.

Now, no more blah blah on data. Let’s get the ball rolling with key differences between React and Angular that help you decide which one to pick.

1. Angular Framework Vs. React Library

As the definition hints, Angular is a JavaScript framework while React is a library. Angular follows a two-directional data flow process to update the Real DOM whereas React uses one-directional data flow to update Virtual DOM only.

You can bundle React with other programming libraries while Angular comes with a complete solution in itself. To achieve unidirectional data flow with React, you have to augment it with Redux.

2. Learning Model

Angular 4 comes with TypeScript that makes your applications robust in nature. But because of being a complete framework, it is difficult to learn as compared to React. On the other hand, React being minimal to the library seems an easier and quick option to learn.

Even so, the Angularjs development learning path is clearer than React because when React augmented with Redux, it transforms into a complicated language to learn for beginners.

Learning Curve

Image Source: HackerNoon.com

Charts showing international interest in Angular and React

3. Community Support

Angular is the product of Google engineers which gives it an added advantage of Google’s strong support. When counting the number of tutorials, training, and open-source contributions, Angular possesses more impressive figures while React stays behind due to lesser community contributions and collaborations.

4. Developer’s Outlook

Developers can easily go hand in hand with Angular but when it comes to delivering projects on time, Angular is uncertain due to its steeper learning curve and lots of unnecessary syntaxes needed even for the simplest things. Hence, the coding time may hike up which gives rise to project delays.

React takes longer to set up than Angular but once done, the process goes like spreading butter on bread and you can finish the project in less time than required. Additionally, you can add any number of new features quickly using React’s libraries which is not the liberty you will find with Angular. Maybe this single point is what makes React the first choice of developers and businesses over Angular. Timely project delivery is what sets you apart from other development service providers.

5. Backward Compatibility

Backward compatibility is the ability of anything (here the programming language) to work with older pieces of software or hardware without special modification.

One more quality where Angular lags behind.

Versions beyond Angular 2 are backward compatible while below ones are not. React follows an entirely different approach. React 16 and all the previous versions are 100% backward compatible. It even holds support for asynchronous rendering. Moreover, React is licensed under MIT with GraphQL and Jest by the side which makes it a business-friendly and open-source friendly choice for everyone including developers and big enterprises.

Conclusion

React and Angular both are armed with their qualities and have some deficiencies as well. Thus, the choice between the two is challenging, especially for beginners. If you are just starting, we recommend you to learn the pros and cons of each language and adapt to the one that suits your ecosystem. For example, there may be more demand for React in your country. Or maybe you are passionate about the complex learning curve of Angular.

The choice is yours.

Before leaving, don’t forget to share your opinion in the comment box given below.